Guide on How to Write Results in a Research Paper

The research paper’s results section is where you provide the study’s conclusions based on the data acquired. This data is usually an outcome of the methodology or techniques you used during your experiment. The findings should be stated in a results section without interpretation and presented logically.

This section is essential if your article incorporates data from your study. Therefore, It’s always important to know how to write results in a research paper.

Guide to writing the result section of a research paper

Academics and researchers publish scholarly papers to showcase their findings using gathered or acquired data. Research papers describe the methodology of testing theories or models and how the results influence a particular study area. Consequently, the “results” section is crucial for conveying the importance of academic work. Here is a detailed explanation of how to write results in research papers.

Approach and Method

There are two methods of reporting and structuring the results for most research paper styles. The research paper result section examples show two methods of reporting and structuring the results. They are:

  • With a summary

After presenting the results, give a concise summary of the findings. For instance, you could have discovered an odd association between two factors when analyzing your results. Including this correlation in the results section of a research paper is appropriate. However, guessing why this link could exist and providing a theory belongs in the paper’s discussion part.

  • Sectionally

Mention a section, then talk about it. Then introduce the next section, and talk about it. Lengthier papers tend to utilize this more frequently since it makes each research result more straightforward for readers to grasp.

In this approach, it may be beneficial to include a concise conclusion. A conclusion that connects the findings to the discussion in the results section. The presentation and organization of the results should generally be done in the same manner as the discussion section.


The following components should generally contain what goes in the results section of a research paper:

  • You may provide an overview framework for comprehending the outcomes. Students can do this overview by reiterating the research topic. Furthermore, this overview serves as the foundation for the goal of your study.
  • The methodology section is usually followed by a summary of your significant results organized in a logical order.
  • Whenever necessary, include non-textual components to help show the findings, such as figures, charts, pictures, maps, tables, etc.
  • Describe your findings methodically in the text, emphasizing for the reader the results that are most pertinent to the studied subject.
  • Whenever discussing your results, use the past tense.
  • The quantity and kind of data to be reported will determine how many pages your results section will comprise. However, give importance only to those significant findings pertinent to addressing the study problem.

Mistakes to avoid in your results section

When writing research results, it’s easy to make mistakes on what to put in results section of research papers. So, here are certain things you should stay away from while writing the results section:

  • Explaining or interpreting the findings

Researchers should save this interpretation part for the paper’s next section. However, it’s necessary to sometimes compare and contrast specific findings with those from other research.

  • Conveying background details

The background details should have been covered in the Introduction section. Frequently, the readers should understand the research results without more explanation or background knowledge.

  • Disregarding unfavorable outcomes

Don’t overlook the results that contradict your final theory. List them, then explain in the discussion section the reason you think your study’s findings were unfavorable. Furthermore, be aware that highlighting adverse outcomes may frequently provide you the chance to create a more exciting discussion section.

  • Including unrefined information or calculations

Inquire with your instructor if you’re required to provide any raw data your research produces. This raw data could include interview transcripts or data files. If raw data must be presented, endeavor to put them in the appendix section usually cited in the text.


The results part of your research paper displays the most critical data as your report’s data output represents it. Authors may improve the impact and efficacy of their research publications by writing with precision and concision. Also, it’s important to ensure that they emphasize and outline the key results of their studies.

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